By Mike Morwood, Penny van Oosterzee
This ebook was once awesome. a very good evaluate of numerous simple tenets in paleoanthropology plus an intimate, designated and frank description of the interplay and evaluations of assorted specialists pertaining to this significant locate. i'd strongly suggest it to somebody with an curiosity in human origins
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Extra info for A New Human: The Startling Discovery and Strange Story of the "Hobbits" of Flores, Indonesia
In the new system, clay passed through the sieve and collected in the sump, which was cleaned out regularly and the washed clay allowed to dry. The stream of workers bringing buckets from Liang Bua for wet sieving then took back buckets of sieved, dried clay, which was used to backﬁll the excavations at the end of the ﬁeld season. In fact, processing up to 200 tons of deposit in each season at Liang Bua required a production line system that took into account different rates of progress in the excavation and in the processing of excavated materials.
Around 200,000 years ago, the river ﬁnally breached the cave’s walls with such an explosive inrush of water that it carried rocks, cobbles and even large boulders into the 30 | a new human cave. Cemented into this jumble of rocks, or conglomerate, were stone artifacts, evidence that people were already living in the vicinity at the time. The river drained away and, slowly but surely, water falling from cracks in the ceiling began to erode the conglomerate. Boulder by boulder, water pried underneath the thick layers of perpetually accumulating ﬂowstone causing them periodically to collapse to form the great sloping slabs along the west wall and rear of the cave on which we eat, rest and smoke the local clove cigarettes during breaks.
Liang Bua must always have been a special place, and for the last 10,000 years the dead have been placed here with ceremony. From that time, local inhabitants have carried out multistaged rituals for disposal of the dead. The bones of the deceased were collected and bundled together, smeared with ochre, adorned with ornaments, such as marine shell necklaces, and cached in the cave. During the Neolithic period, when cereal cultivation, pottery and ground adzes were introduced to Flores about 4,000 years ago, one of the main functions of Liang Bua appears to have been for burial of the dead with grave goods, including pots, tools and ornaments.
A New Human: The Startling Discovery and Strange Story of the "Hobbits" of Flores, Indonesia by Mike Morwood, Penny van Oosterzee